Hacktivists are people who are mainly recognized for pursuing online attacks as a form of non-violent protest and often hack for a political reason. With increased technology, anybody can learn how to hack and be a hacktivist at home.
A whistle blower is “a person who exposes any kind of information or activity that is deemed illegal, dishonest, or not correct within an organization. The information of alleged wrongdoing can be classified in many ways: violation of company policy/rules, law, regulation, or threat to public interest/national security, as well as fraud, and corruption.”
Information is valuable and so the protection or access of it is highly contentious. An example of this is is government wanting to keep documents classified v.s. freedom fighters who believe that the public have the right to political transparency. Some people believe that information should not be confidential so as an outcome we have hacktivists like Julian Assange and whistle blowers like Edward Snowden.
WikiLeaks is an international journalistic organisation that publishes secret information, news leaks, and classified media from anonymous sources. Its website which was founded in 2006, claimed a database of more than 1.2 million documents within a year of its launch. Julian Assange is an Australian Internet activist who is considered as its founder. The site leaked much information surrounding the Afghanistan war, a report informing a corruption investigation in Kenya, U.S. political and diplomatic files and many more which often made headlines in media. Whilst the intentions behind these are to make the government’s actions transparent amongst its citizens, it gives rise to issues regarding safety.